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    2019-11-05 11:41 分享到:





    1. with +名詞(代詞)+介詞短語

    He sat there thinking, with his chin on his hand.他手托下巴,坐在那兒沉思。

    The old man stood there, with his back against the wall.那位老人背倚著墻站在那里。

    Mary was sitting near the fire, with her back towards the door.瑪麗靠近火爐坐著,背對著門。

    2. with +名詞(代詞)+形容詞

    He stared at his friend with his mouth wide open.他張大嘴巴凝視著他的朋友。

    The man raised his head with eyes full of wonder and mystery.這人抬起頭來,眼里充滿了好奇。

    He stood there trembling, with his face red with cold.他站在那兒瑟瑟發抖,臉都凍紅了。

    3.with +名詞(代詞)+副詞

    With production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year.產量上升了60%, 公司又是一個好年景。

    The stupid Emperor walked in the procession with nothing on.這位愚蠢的皇帝一絲不掛地行進在游行隊伍中。

    The naughty boy stood before his teacher with his head down.這個淘氣的男孩低著頭站在老師面前。

    He put on his socks with the wrong side out.他把襪子穿反了。

    4.with +名詞(代詞)+名詞

    She used to sit reading in the evening with her pet dog her only companion.


    He died with his daughter yet a schoolgirl.他去世的時候,女兒還是個中學生。

    5.with +名詞(代詞)+現在分詞

    She stood there chatting with her friend, with her child playing beside her.她站在那兒跟朋友閑聊,孩子在旁邊玩。

    With you helping me whenever I’m in trouble, I feel very obliged to you.無論我什么時候遇到困難你總是幫助我,真是太感激你了。

    6.with +名詞(代詞)+過去分詞

    “I think we can leave with our heads held high,” Eriksson said. “We came out of the toughest group, beat Argentina, beat Denmark in a convincing way.”“我認為我們可以高昂著頭離開,”艾里克松說。“我們來自死亡之組,以一種令人信服的方式擊敗了阿根廷,擊敗了丹麥。”

    The goalkeeper left Japan with his flaws laid bare.這位守門員離開了日本,而他的缺點卻暴露無遺。

    7.with +名詞(代詞)+不定式

    With 10 minutes to go, you’d better hurry. 還有十分鐘,你快一點。

    With you to lead us, our group is sure to succeed. 有你領導我們,我們組肯定能成功。


    【作狀語】 with獨立主格結構主要用作狀語,可以表示伴隨、方式、原因、時間等。

    例 With Mary to help him, he is sure to succeed. 有瑪麗的幫助,他一定能成功。

    【作定語】 主要是用作后置定語。

    例 The girl reached a river bank with so many flowers on both banks.這個女孩來到了兩岸開滿鮮花的河邊。



    例 Mother looked at me with tears in her eyes. 媽媽眼含淚水看著我。


    例 With night coming on, we started for home. 夜幕降臨,我們動身回家。

    例 The boy lay on the grass, with his eyes looking at the sky.小男孩躺在草地上,兩眼望著天空。


    例 With so much work to do, we had to sit up through the night.有這么多工作要做,我們不得不徹夜不眠。


    【省略特征】 with獨立主格結構中的省略主要是指在“with + n + 介詞短語”結構中的省略,其特點是省去with及介詞短語中的名詞修飾詞,也就是:“n + 介詞 + n”。

    例 She ran to the hero, flowers in hand.她手里拿著鮮花跑向這位英雄。

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